Bilateral Bi-Level Erector Spinae Plane Blocks as a Part of Opioid-Sparing Multimodal Analgesia in Scoliosis Surgery: A Case Series of Six Pediatric Patients

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Domagalska M., ÇİFTÇİ B., Kolasinski J., Kowalski G., Wieczorowska-Tobis K.

Medicina (Lithuania), vol.59, no.8, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/medicina59081429
  • Journal Name: Medicina (Lithuania)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: erector spinae plane block, multimodal analgesia, pain management, postoperative pain, scoliosis surgery
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background and Aim: Postoperative pain after scoliosis surgery is severe and usually requires long-term intravenous opioid therapy. Local anesthetic options, such as wound infiltration, are limited and include neuraxial analgesia. However, they are rarely used due to side effects and inconsistent efficacy. We report an opioid-sparing multimodal analgesia regimen with bilateral erector spinae plane blocks. This case series evaluated the analgesic effect of the bilateral bi-level erector spinae plane blocks (ESP) in congenital and neurogenic scoliosis surgery. Patients and Methods: Six pediatric patients with congenital or neurogenic scoliosis underwent posterior spinal fusion involving 5 to 12 vertebral levels. Bilateral single-injection ESPB was performed at one or two levels before incision. Preoperatively, patients received intravenous dexamethasone. General anesthesia with endotracheal intubation and volume-controlled ventilation was performed via TIVA with remifentanil and propofol. During and after the procedure, the basic hemodynamic parameters, opioid consumption, pain scores (numerical rating scale/NRS), and possible block complications were monitored. Results: All the patients experienced minimal postoperative pain levels. In addition, on the first day after surgery, they had low opioid requirements with no side effects. Conclusions: ESPB in patients undergoing congenital and neurogenic scoliosis correction surgery seems to be an essential analgesic technique that may reduce both severities of pain and opioid consumption.