Learned vs. Hand-Crafted Features for Deep Learning Based Aperiodic Laboratory Earthquake Time-Prediction

Zaidi T., Samy A., KOCATÜRK M., Ates H. F.

28th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference, SIU 2020, Gaziantep, Turkey, 5 - 07 October 2020 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/siu49456.2020.9302474
  • City: Gaziantep
  • Country: Turkey
  • Keywords: convolutional neural network (CNN), deep learning, earthquake, long short-term memory (LSTM), random forest (RF)
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Earthquakes cause the deadliest and most costly disasters among all natural hazards. Geophysicists and data scientists have spent a lot of effort, trying to predict earthquakes time, location or magnitude to minimize these disastrous effects. However, earthquakes prediction remains a challenging problem. In this paper, the generated aperiodic earthquake failures data by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) were utilized to implement three models: i) random forest (RF), ii) convolutional neural network (CNN) units followed by long short-term memory (LSTM) layers, and iii) hand-crafted features combined with CNN and LSTM layers. Among all, applying a network of CNN and LSTM layers to hand-crafted features is the most accurate and the fastest model to predict the time remaining for the next earthquake. This model achieved the prediction goal with a mean absolute error (MAE) of 1.51 in 44 seconds. These results are promising compared to other models. Thus, we anticipate that our model can be improved and applied to real seismic data that can save thousands of lives and billions of dollars in infrastructure.