The Effects of the Far-Right's Rise on Mainstream Politics and the Lives of Migrants in Austria Avusturya'da Aşırı Sağın Yükselişinin Ana Akım Siyasete ve Göçmenlerin Hayatlarına Etkileri


TANRIKULU F.

Amme Idaresi Dergisi, vol.53, no.1, pp.93-118, 2020 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: Amme Idaresi Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.93-118
  • Keywords: Islamophobia, Migration, Nationalism, Neo-Liberalism, Rightwing extremism, Xenophobia
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

After the Second World War, racist parties and non-governmental organizations were prohibited from operating in Austria. Today, fascism and Nazism are manifested differently, with the far-right increasing their vote and gaining power in politics. The international community first applied pressure and sanctions to prevent the Freedom Party of Austria from becoming the National Socialist Party in the 1999 elections. As a result, the far-right party, unable to withstand the pressures, had to fall out of government. Economic crises, migratory movements and terrorist incidents lead to a resurgence of protectionist tendencies and the nationalist political wave. Far-right parties occasionally become partners in power and gradually increase their votes in Austria, which is one of the most powerful countries in Europe. It is argued that the far-right, whose influence is growing, is not only content with populist rhetoric, but has begun to restrict the freedoms of migrants by influencing mainstream politics and institutions in Austria. Practices that make the life of migrants difficult, especially the violations of rights, continue to increase, but reactions to this situation remain weak in the national and international public opinion. This study will examine the populist rhetoric of the far-right in Austria, as well as its impact on rights abuses against immigrants and institutions. To what extent do the rhetoric of far-right and centre parties in Austria reflect on the lives of migrants in everyday life? While this research questions the existence of immigrants from the past to the present in Austria, on the other hand, the rise of the far-right will be examined from a historical and theoretical perspective. In addition, this article discusses Neo-liberalism and globalization in relation to socioeconomic developments in the world in order to accurately understand the fundamental cause-and-effect relationship in the rise of the far-right.