Evaluation of vitamin D status and its correlation with gonadal function in children at mini-puberty

Kılınç S., Atay E., Ceran Ö., Atay Z.

Clinical Endocrinology, vol.90, no.1, pp.122-128, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 90 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/cen.13856
  • Journal Name: Clinical Endocrinology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.122-128
  • Keywords: AMH, inhibin B, mini-puberty, reproduction, sex steroids, vitamin D
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Context: The effects of Vitamin D on reproductive function in adults have gained interest. Studies have demonstrated some associations. Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis is activated during the first 6 months of life, called as mini-puberty. This HPG activation is important for future gonadal function. There are no data regarding the association of gonadal hormones and 25(OH)D levels at mini-puberty. Demonstration of any association would form the basis for studies that will search for the effects of 25(OH)D on gonadal hormones at mini-puberty. Objective: To characterize the associations between 25(OH)D levels and gonadal hormones at mini-puberty. Design: Cross-sectional cohort analysis. Patient(s) or other participant(s): A total of 180 (94 boys and 86 girls) healthy appropriate-for-gestational-age neonates were included. Main outcome measure(s): 25(OH)D, LH, FSH, total testosterone, oestradiol, AMH and inhibin B levels were measured at postnatal 30-45 days. All infants were divided into three groups including vitamin D deficiency (<10 ng/mL), vitamin D insufficiency (10-20 ng/mL) and vitamin D sufficiency (>20 ng/mL). Correlations between vitamin D status and reproductive hormones were analysed. Result(s): Total testosterone level was higher (mean: 0.52 ± 0.32 vs 0.26 ± 0.2 ng/mL; P: 0.008) and inhibin B was lower in 25(OH)D deficient than sufficient girls (mean: 21.2 ± 15.71 vs 53.25 ± 47.25 pg/mL; P: 0.021). Conclusion(s): A modest effect of 25(OH)D was identified on total testosterone and inhibin B in girls at mini-puberty. The 25(OH)D may have an effect on gonadal function during early life. Randomized controlled trials could clarify the importance of vitamin D on gonadal hormones at mini-puberty.