A novel one-base station hybrid positioning method


Takshi H., Nemati M., Arvas E., Baykas T.

2017 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, BlackSeaCom 2017, İstanbul, Turkey, 5 - 08 June 2017, vol.2018-January, pp.1-5 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2018-January
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/blackseacom.2017.8277687
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-5
  • Keywords: angle of arrival (AOA), base station (BS), Positioning, time difference of arrival (TDOA)
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In wireless networks, the need for accurate and low complexity localization methods are growing. Although many positioning methods based on signals' time difference of arrival (TDOA) and angle of arrival (AOA) have been proposed, these methods require multiple base stations (BS) and calculations with high complexity. Furthermore, the distance between a target and the BSs are usually larger than the distance between different BSs, which causes geometric dilution of precision (GDP) problem. To circumvent these issues, we propose a novel and linear method for positioning by only one BS. Our method uses both AOA and TDOA of incoming signals and called 'positioning using one BS (PuOB)'. In this method, we take measurements from one BS at different time instances instead of taking measurements from multiple BSs simultaneously. The ability to estimate the mobile transmitter position accurately by using one BS is the highlighted advantage of the PuOB over the conventional methods. The positioning accuracy of PuOB for different BS numbers are presented. According to simulation results, PuOB outperforms TDOA and AOA methods using three and two BSs, respectively.