Anatomical and Morphological Assessment of Nasopalatine Canal in Pediatric and Adolescent Population via Cone Beam Computed Tomography

Aydin K. C., Gaş S.

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol.32, no.6, pp.1994-1998, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000007476
  • Journal Name: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1994-1998
  • Keywords: Anatomy, anterior maxilla, cone beam computed tomography, incisive foramen, nasopalatine canal
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: Anatomical and morphological structure of nasopalatine canal (NPC) is important for surgical techniques carried out on the maxilla. The aim of the present study was to analyze the anatomical and morphological characteristics of the NPC among pediatric and adolescent population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: A total of 437 cases were analyzed using CBCT images in this retrospective, cross-sectional study. Shape was analyzed as hourglass, cone, funnel, banana, cylindrical, and tree branch like. Number of foramina Stenson (FS) was evaluated through coronal, axial, and sagittal views. Landmark evaluation involved; diameter of FS, diameter of incisive foramen, diameter at the mid-canal length, NPC length, and narrowest buccal bone thickness. Pathology presence near NPC was evaluated to determine alterations on the landmark metrics. Results: Nasopalatine canal shape distribution revealed 32% hourglass, 9.6% conic, 10.8% funnel, 11.9% banana, 29.5% cylindrical and 6.2% tree branch. Number of FS (P=0.021; P<0.05), diameter of FS (P=0.041; p<0.05), NPC length (P: 0.020; P<0.05), and narrowest buccal bone thickness from the mid-canal length was significantly higher in males (P: 0.000; P<0.05). Diameter of incisive foramen and diameter at the mid-canal length revealed no significance among genders (P 1=0.318, P 2=0.105; P>0.05). Incidence of pathology near NPC is 20.8% and was not affected by gender (P=0,192; P>0.05). Conclusions: The current study demonstrates significant variations of NPC morphology among patients. Therefore, CBCT analysis is highly recommended for clinicians to reduce the complications in oral and maxillofacial surgery practices and to provide better surgical outcomes.