Fuzzy inference system model for the spectrum site coefficients of the Türkiye Building Earthquake Code (2018)

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OKUMUŞ V., Mangir A.

Journal of Structural Engineering & Applied Mechanics (Online), vol.6, no.4, pp.282-305, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


The response spectra in the seismic design codes guide the seismic design force calculations that are crucial for structural safety and construction costs. In general, they are determined by crisp logic-based numerical classifications of seismic parameters, which primarily affect the shape and values of the spectrum. Crisp logic response spectra generation may have limitations in the accurate determination of relevant parameters. In this paper, a fuzzy inference system (FIS) rule-based model is proposed to address this issue. The proposed model uses spectral acceleration coefficients and shear wave velocity as inputs to generate the site coefficients of the response spectra according to the Türkiye Building Earthquake Code (TBEC 2018). The FIS model spectra generation is compared with the crisp logic model for thirty-five examples, and the model performance is evaluated. The study demonstrates significant differences between the two models in terms of the response spectra' shape and acceleration spectrum intensity values, but the FIS model provides comparatively better accuracy in response spectra generation. The proposed model can be modified and applied to various parameters for generating response spectra in different seismic design codes with the exposition of fuzzy logic rules that show the concerned problem's internal working mechanism.