The effect of air pollution and meteorological parameters on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at an Istanbul Hospital

Hapçioǧlu B., Işsever H., Koçyiǧit E., Dişçi R., Vatansever S., ÖZDİLLİ K.

Indoor and Built Environment, vol.15, no.2, pp.147-153, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1420326x06063221
  • Journal Name: Indoor and Built Environment
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.147-153
  • Keywords: air pollution, meteorological parameters, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emergency hospital admissions
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


In this study, the relation between emergency admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at an Istanbul University Hospital between the years 1997 and 2001 and the meteorological and air pollution parameters has been analysed. Admissions were calculated for each month, and the relations between the number of admissions for each month and the corresponding month's meteorological parameters (pressure, temperature, moisture) and the average pollution values (CO, SO 2, NO, NO 2, PM 10) were determined. There were 1586 patients included in this study. COPD admissions had a negative significant correlation with temperature (r = -0.72, p < 0.001), a positive significant correlation with pressure (r = 0.41, p = 0.001) and humidity (r = 0.34, p = 0.007), and also had a positive significant correlation with SO 2 (r = 0.64, p < 0.001), NO (r = 0.40, p = 0.002), CO (r = 0.57, p < 0.001) and PM 10 (r = 0.27, p = 0.03). No significant relationship was found for NO 2. When the meteorological and clinical parameters were evaluated, it was found that the only variable related to the COPD admissions was temperature. These results for COPD admissions were found to be considerably higher in seasons other than summer (p < 0.001). When summer seasonal values were taken as reference (RR = 1), RR = 1.24 (95% CI: 1.049-1.475) for autumn, RR = 1.86 (95%CI: 1.541-2.115) for spring and RR = 2.08 (95% CI: 1.793-2.434) for winter. Air pollution and meteorological parameters should be seen as a widespread public health problem, which can trigger admission and even death due to COPD. © 2006 SAGE Publications.