Double Switch Procedure and Surgical Alternatives for the Treatment of Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries

Bilal M. S., Avşar M. K., Yildirim Ö., Özyüksel A., Zeybek C., Küçükosmanoǧlu O., ...More

Journal of Cardiac Surgery, vol.31, no.4, pp.231-236, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jocs.12728
  • Journal Name: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.231-236
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background We present our experience with the double switch operation in sixteen patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. Methods We enrolled 16 patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries operated by a single surgeon between 1995 and 2015. The mean age was 25 months (range 4 to 72 months) and the mean body weight was 8.9 kg (range 4.3 to 19 kg) at the time of operation. Results We encountered seven patients with moderate to severe tricuspid regurgitation, five of which had Ebstein anomaly. We performed a combination of atrial and arterial switch procedures in 11 cases, one of which had a concomitant coarctation of the aorta that was repaired along with the double switch procedure. Atrial switch and the Rastelli procedures were performed in three cases with concomitant pulmonary stenosis. A combination of arterial switch, Hemi-Mustard procedure, and bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis was performed in two cases. During a mean follow-up period of 67 months (range three months to 18 years), we encountered one early postoperative mortality related to intracerebral bleeding. All but one of the patients are now in NYHA class I-II. Conclusions Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly in which the results of the anatomical repair with double switch operation appear to be superior to that achieved by a physiological repair.