Index Modulation-Aided IQ Imbalance Compensator for OTFS Communications Systems

Tusha A., Dogan-Tusha S., Althunibat S., Basar E., Qaraqe K., ARSLAN H.

2022 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2022, Texas, United States Of America, 10 - 13 April 2022, vol.2022-April, pp.2178-2183 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2022-April
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/wcnc51071.2022.9771683
  • City: Texas
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.2178-2183
  • Keywords: OTFS modulation, IQ imbalance, mirror Doppler interference, index modulation, MMSE receiver
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Design of simple transceiver architectures is inevitable in order to provide low computational complexity, low power consumption and affordable cost in beyond 5G (B5G) wireless systems, but it results in hardware impairments that significantly degrade the performance reliability of transmission. In this paper, among these hardware impairments, we discuss in-phase and quadrature (IQ) imbalance in orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS), which is a recent waveform considered as a potential candidate for B5G systems to relax the vulnerability against time-variant wireless channels. To mitigate the effect of IQ imbalance for OTFS, we propose an energy and spectral efficient IQ imbalance compensation scheme with the aid of index modulation (IM), which provides an attractive flexibility in the system design. In contrast to conventional solutions used in classical wireless technologies, such as iterative and pilot-based techniques, the proposed scheme avoids additional energy consumption and significant spectral efficient loss during the estimation and compensation of the IQ imbalance effect. The obtained bit error rate (BER) results validate the accuracy of the proposed compensator for different OTFS system configurations considering perfect/imperfect channel state information in practical scenarios.