Effect of bladder dysfunction on development of depression and anxiety in Parkinson's disease

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Benli E., Cirakoglu A., Ozer F. F., Yilmaz N. H., Duz O. A., Yuce A., ...More

Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia, vol.93, no.3, pp.336-340, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 93 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4081/aiua.2021.3.336
  • Journal Name: Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.336-340
  • Keywords: Bladder Dysfunction, Anxiety, Depression, Parkinson's disease
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: Parkinson's disease (PD) often Summary presents with movement disorder. However, besides motor complaints, there are many complaints such as anxiety, depression, urinary complaints and constipation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether neurogenic lower urinary dysfunction (NLUD), which is frequently seen in PD, has an effect on the development of anxiety and depression in these patients. Materials and methods: The study included 32 males (66.6%) and 16 females (33.3%); in total 48 subjects were registered. For the diagnosis and severity of PD, the UK Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank Criteria, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and the Hoehn-Yahr scale were used. Urological evaluation was performed using history, physical examination, laboratory tests and standard forms such as IPSS and OAB-V8. Results: There was no difference between the genders in terms of duration, severity and NLUD (p > 0.05). The incidence of anxiety and depression in PD patients was 62.8% and 72.1%, respectively. The prevalence of NLUD was 67.4% and depression and anxiety was found to increase (1.06 and 1.28 times, respectively) in relation to NLUD. In particular, there was a relationship between storage lower urinary tract symptoms and anxiety and depression development (p < 0.05). Conclusions: As expected, it was found that the incidence of NLUD, anxiety and depression was increased in PD. In addition, NLUD was found to be a risk factor for the development of anxiety and depression. Therefore, it is concluded that NLUD, which can potentially cause important complications, as well as motor complaints, should be closely monitored and treated in PD patients.