Mitigation of time series approach on climate change adaptation on rainfall of Wadi Al-Aqiq, Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Rahman N. A., Yusop Z., Şen Z., Taher S., Kane I. L.

Jurnal Teknologi, vol.79, no.5, pp.91-104, 2017 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 79 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.11113/jt.v79.10206
  • Journal Name: Jurnal Teknologi
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-104
  • Keywords: Climate change, Detrended fluctuation analysis, Madinah, Trend analysis, Wadi Al-Aqiq
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Rainfall record plays a significant role in assessment of climate change, water resource planning and management. In arid region, studies on rainfall are rather scarce due to intricacy and constraint of the available data. Most available studies use more advanced approaches such as A2 scenario, General Circulation Models (GCM) and the like, to study the temporal dynamics and make projection on future rainfall. However, those models take no account of the data patterns and its predictability. Therefore, this study uses time series analysis methodologies such as Mann- Kendall trend test, de-trended fluctuation analysis and state space time series approaches to study the dynamics of rainfall records of four stations in and around Wadi Al-Aqiq, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). According to Mann-Kendall trend test there are decreasing trend in three out of the four stations. The detrended fluctuation analysis revealed two distinct scaling properties that spells the predictability of the records and confirmed by state space methods.