Utility of Diffusion-Weighted MRI to Detect Changes in Liver Diffusion in Benign and Malignant Distal Bile Duct Obstruction: The Influence of Choice of b-Values

Karan B., Erbay G., Koc Z., Pourbagher A., Yildirim S., Agildere A. M.

Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, vol.67, no.4, pp.395-401, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.carj.2016.03.006
  • Journal Name: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.395-401
  • Keywords: Biliary obstruction, Diffusion-weighted imaging, Liver fibrosis, Magnetic resonance imaging, b-value
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Purpose The study sought to evaluate the potential of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging to detect changes in liver diffusion in benign and malignant distal bile duct obstruction and to investigate the effect of the choice of b-values on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Methods Diffusion-weighted imaging was acquired with b-values of 200, 600, 800, and 1000 s/mm2. ADC values were obtained in 4 segments of the liver. The mean ADC values of 16 patients with malignant distal bile duct obstruction, 14 patients with benign distal bile duct obstruction, and a control group of 16 healthy patients were compared. Results Mean ADC values for 4 liver segments were lower in the malignant obstruction group than in the benign obstruction and control groups using b = 200 s/mm2 (P < .05). Mean ADC values of the left lobe medial and lateral segments were lower in the malignant obstruction group than in the benign obstructive and control groups using b = 600 s/mm2 (P < .05). Mean ADC values of the right lobe posterior segment were lower in the malignant and benign obstruction groups than in the control group using b = 1000 s/mm2 (P < .05). Using b = 800 s/mm2, ADC values of all 4 liver segments in each group were not significantly different (P > .05). There were no correlations between the ADC values of liver segments and liver function tests. Conclusion Measurement of ADC shows good potential for detecting changes in liver diffusion in patients with distal bile duct obstruction. Calculated ADC values were affected by the choice of b-values.