Determination of the retinal toxicity of intravitreal colistin in rabbit eyes


Ozbek M., Odabasi M., Erdur S. K., ŞENTÜRK F., ÖZSÜTÇÜ M., ARAS C.

Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology, vol.40, no.4, pp.300-304, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15569527.2021.1945617
  • Journal Name: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.300-304
  • Keywords: Colistin, intravitreal injection, retinal toxicity, electroretinography, endophthalmitis
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the possible adverse effects and safe dose range of intravitreal colistin, an antibiotic, after its intravitreal application. Methods: Twenty eyes of 20 adult male and female New Zealand white rabbits were selected. Various concentrations of colistin were prepared. In each rabbit, 0.1 mL of colistin solution or saline solution was injected intravitreally into the right eye. Electroretinographic recordings were taken before and 2 weeks after injection. Histopathological examination was made using a light microscope following enucleation and fixation procedures. In histopathologic cross-sections, the differences between drug-injected eyes and control eyes were evaluated. Results: Electroretinographic examination showed a decrease of 30% as a significant value in the a and b wave amplitudes of the rabbits that injected 400 µg/0.1 ml and higher concentrations. Histological examination revealed histiocytic infiltration, histiocytic vacuoles, inflammation, and retinal degeneration in rabbit eyes given 400 µg/0.1 ml, 800 µg/0.1 ml, and 1.6 mg/0.1 ml concentrations of colistin. Conclusion: Based on our findings, the safe concentration of colistin is 0.2 mg/0.1 ml. Administration of 0.4 mg/0.1 ml was associated with cataract development, electrophysiological depression, and pathological changes in retinal layers.