Plerixafor in autologous stem cell transplantation: Does it affect engraftment kinetics?

Serin I., SEVİNDİK Ö. G., Balik Aydin B., MELEK E., MUTLU Y. G., BİLGEN H., ...More

TRANSFUSION AND APHERESIS SCIENCE, vol.62, no.6, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.transci.2023.103809
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Plerixafor, Stem cell transplantation, Mobilization, Engraftment, Prognosis
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Plerixafor increases stem cell mobilization by reversibly binding to the chemokine receptor CXCR4. In our study, we examined the results of mobilization with plerixafor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and revealed their effects on autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) engraftment kinetics. The study included all cases of ASCT performed in the Adult Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit of xxx University between January 2014 and January 2022. It included a total of 300 patients. The total number of CD34 + cells collected was 7.44 ± 4.19 in patients with plerixafor and 9.53 ± 6.09 in patients without plerixafor. The mean neutrophil and platelet engraftment took longer in plerixafor-mobilized patients (neutrophil: 12 ± 4.1 vs. 10.2 ± 2.7 days; platelet: 21.6 ± 13.9 vs. 14.2 ± 5.9 days; p = 0.008 and p = 0.002). The number of febrile neutropenia attacks was significantly higher in plerixafor-mobilized patients (p = 0.04). In the chemo-mobilized patient subgroup, plerixafor-mobilized patients experienced more febrile neutropenia attacks (p = 0.04). The mean time to both neutrophil and platelet engraftment was longer in patients mobilized with plerixafor. In the subgroup of patients with MM, the mean time to platelet engraftment was longer in patients mobilized with plerixafor. Plerixafor and its effect on engraftment kinetics should be evaluated with further studies in a larger population with survival analysis.