Change in taste sensation after orthognathic surgery

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Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.28, no.4, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-024-05626-1
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Gustation, Le Fort I Osteotomy, Orthognathic surgery, Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy, Taste sense
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of orthognathic surgery on taste sensation. Materials and methods: Thirty-five patients scheduled to undergo Le Fort I osteotomy (LFIO), sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), and bimaxillary surgery (BMS) were evaluated by administering localized and whole-mouth taste tests preoperatively and postoperatively at months 1, 3, and 6. The patients were asked to identify the quality of four basic tastes applied to six locations on the palate and tongue and to rate the taste intensities they perceived. Taste recognition thresholds and taste intesity scores were evaluted according to operation groups and follow-ups. Results: There were significant decreases in the quinine HCl recognition thresholds at the postoperative follow-ups compared to the preoperative in LFIO patients (p = 0.043). There were significant decreases in sucrose taste intensity scores in the right posterolateral part of the tongue at months 3 and 6 compared to preoperative in SSRO patients (p = 0.046), and significant increases in quinine HCL taste intensity scores in the right and left anterior parts of the tongue at month 6 compared to preoperative in LFIO patients (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Taste perception is affected due to potential damage to the chemosensory nerves during orthognathic surgical procedures. Generally, non-significant alterations have been observed in taste perception after orthognathic surgery, except for significant alterations in bitter and sweet taste perceptions. Clinical relevance: Maxillofacial surgeons should be aware of taste perception change after orthognathic surgery procedures and patients should be informed accordingly. The trial registration number (TRN): NCT06103422/Date of registration: 10.17.2023 (retrospectively registered).